The Great Alexander Part II

Well, I’m back to write more about the “The great Alexander” that I left last night.

The Alexander was so obsessive with his campaign that he left his empire behind by giving rule to his father’s general. So when he was going back he didn’t went straight to Macedonia, instead, He took the different route and won many state wars.

Now I really want to focus more on the topic, So, I shall start form beginning.   

Alexander III was the son of the Philip II, king of Macedonia and Olympias, the princess of neighboring Epirus . He is considered as one of the greatest military genius who never lost a single war despite outnumbered many times against enemies. He was inspired from later conquer Hannibal the Carthaginian, the Romans Pompey and Caesar, and Napoleon. The Alexander was born 356 BC ago in Pella, the ancient capital of Macedonia.

Alexander spent his childhood watching his father invading others and transforming Macedonia into a powerful state. It had a great impression on him and urged him to accompanying his father during the wars.  When Alexander was only 10 years old he tamed a unruly horse who have eaten all other skin whoever tried to ride him. When Alexander tamed the horseBucephalus, his friends filled with joy; when Alexander get off the horse, his father was shedding tears, he hugged his son and kissed and said, “My son Macedonia is too small for you.”

When Alexander was 13 years old Philip hired Greek philosopher Aristotle to be Alexander tutor.

In 340 BC, when Philip assembled a large Macedonian army and invaded Thrace, he left his only 16 years old son with the power to rule Macedonia. It shows that even at so young age Alexander was considered capable to rule the Macedonia. But as the Macedonian army advance in Thrace, Thracian tribe of Maedi at north eastern border revolt and pose a danger to country. Alexander quickly assembled an army and the Maedi swiftly. Capture the rebels and named the city after his name as Alexanderopoils.

After this his Philip posted him among senior generals as the army invaded Greece. Some historian said that it was Alexander bravery that Macedonian won the battle.  

Family Spilt

Philip family spilt apart after the defeat of the Greeks; the main reason behind this was Philip marriage to a Macedonian girl of high nobility. Her name was Cleopatra. At the wedding Cleopatra’s uncle Attalus, made a remark about Philip, legitimate heir, pure Macedonian blood. At this Alexander got furious and throw his cup at him and blasted him. Philip back Attalus and stoop up and even drew his sword, and charged at Alexander, only to tip and fall on his face in his drunken condition. Alexander shouted: “Look, here is the man who was making ready to cross from Europe to Asia, and who cannot even cross from on table to another without losing his balance.”  He then took his mother along and fled of the country to Epirus. He allowed returning later, but he remains unsecure at the Macedonian court.

In the Spring of 336 BC, When Philip set Persian invasion in motion, he was killed by a noble Macedonian named Pausanias. There are suspense about the assassination of the Philip. Some said that it was because the man who killed Philip was because he was denied justice by him. And on other hand some said the real conspirator were Alexander and oplympias. Phillip, the great Macedonian conqueror, the man who liberated his own country, and brought from the edge of the abyss into the world reigning power, left his Persian  dream to his successor King Alexander III.




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